Complete list of all Mammals of The Philippines (with pictures and biological info):



The mammalian fauna of the Philippine Islands is now known to include 201 species: 21 are marine mammals, 172 are native terrestrial mammals, and 7 are introduced, non-native species that occur in the wild. With 111 (64%) of the terrestrial native species as endemics, the archipelago has one of the highest per-area levels of endemism in the world, on the basis of both absolute numbers and percentage (Madagascar has 80 endemics of 100 species in total). Since the last checklist was published, in 1987, sixteen new species have been discovered —currently one of the highest rates of discovery in the world (Morell, 1986); fourteen of the species listed here are not yet formally described. For each species, we provide citation to the original description (except when the species has yet to be formally described), the English common name, the documented distribution, a summary of habitat data, and an assessment of conservation status. At least 52 native species are threatened (many seriously endangered) as a result of forest habitats, over-hunting, and destruction of cave and marine ecosystems. Further basic research and implementation of effective habitat protection programs, especially for the forests, are essential to protect this remarkably diverse and endangered fauna.

E = Endemic to the Philippines.
FR = Faunal Region
Isl. = occurence in the Philippine only on this island



Erinaceidae (Hedgehogs and Gymnures)
Podogymnura aureospinula (Dinagat Wood Screw) E Dinagat Isl.
Podogymnura truei (Mindanao Wood Screw) E Mindanao Isl.
Soricidae (Shrews)
Crocidura attenuata (Indochinese Screw) Batan Isl.
Crocidura beatus (Common Mindanao Screw) E Mindanao FR
Crocidura grandis (Greater Mindanao Screw) E Mindanao Isl.
Crocidura grayi (Luzon Screw) E
Crocidura mindorus (Mindoro Screw) E Mindoro Isl.
Crocidura negrina (Negros Screw) E Negros Isl.
Crocidura palawanensis (Palawan Screw) E Palawan FR
Suncus murinus (Asian House Screw)


Tupaiidae (Tree Shrews)
Tupaia palawanesis (Palawan Tree Screw) E Palawan FR
Urogale everetti (Mindanao Tree Screw) E Mindanao FR


Cynocephalidae (Flying Lemurs)
Cynocephalus volans (Philippine Flying Lemur) E Mindanao FR


Pteropodidae (Fruit Bats)
Acerodon jubatus
Acerodon leucotis
Alionycteris paucidentata
Cynopterus brachyotis
Dobsonia chapmani
Dyacopterus spadiceus
Eonycteris robusta
Eonycteris spelaea
Haplonycteris fischeri
Haplonycteris sp. A
Harpyionycteris whiteheadi
Macroglossus minimus
Megaerops wetmorei
Nyctimene rabori
Otopteropus cartilagonodus
Ptenochirus jagori
Ptenochirus minor
Pteropus dasymallus
Pteropus hypomelanus
Pteropus leucopterus
Pteropus pumilus
Pteropus speciosus
Pteropus sp. A
Pteropus vampyrus
Rousettus amplexicaudatus
Emballonuridae (Sheath-tailed Bats)
Emballonura alecto
Saccolaimus saccolaimus
Taphozous melanopogon
Megadermatidae (False Vampire and Ghost Bats)
Megaderma spasma
Rhinolophidae (Horsehoe and Roundleaf Bats)
Coelops hirsutus
Hipposideros ater
Hipposideros bicolor
Hipposideros cervinus
Hipposideros coronatus
Hipposideros diadema
Hipposideros lekaguli
Hipposideros obscurus
Hipposideros pygmaeus
Rhinolophus acuminatus
Rhinolophus anderseni
Rhinolophus arcuatus
Rhinolophus inops
Rhinolophus macrotis
Rhinolophus philippinensis
Rhinolophus rufus
Rhinolophus subrufus
Rhinolophus virgo
Vespertilionidae (Vesper and Evening Bats)
Glischropus tylopus
Harpiocephalus harpia
Kerivoula hardwickii
Kerivoula pellucida
Kerivoula whiteheadi
Miniopterus australis
Miniopterus schreibersi
Miniopterus tristis
Murina cyclotis
Myotis horsfieldii
Myotis macrotarsus
Myotis muricola
Myotis rufopictus
Philetor brachypterus
Phoniscus jagorii
Pipistrellus javanicus
Pipistrellus petersi
Pipistrellus stenopterus
Pipistrellus tenuis
Scotophilus kuhlii
Tylonycteris pachypus
Tylonycteris robustula
Molossidae (Free-tailed Bats)
Chaerophon plicata
Cheiromeles parvidens
Cheiromeles torquatus
Mops sarasinorum


Loridae (Lorises and Coucangs)
Nycticebus coucang (Slow Lori) Sulu Archipelago
Tarsiidae (Tarsiers) spökdjur
Tarsius syrichta (Philippine Tarsier) E
Cercopithecidae (Monkies)
Macaca fascicularis (Long-tailed Macaque)


Sciuridae (Squirrels)
Exilisciurus concinnus (Philippine Pygmy Squirrel) E Mindanao FR
Hylopetes nigripes (Palawan Flying Squirrel) E Palawan FR
Petinomys crinitus (Mindanao Flying Squirrel) E Mindanao FR
Sundasciurus hoogstraali (Busuanga Tree Squirrel) E Palawan FR
Sundasciurus juvencus (Northern Palawan Tree Squirrel) E Palawan FR
Sundasciurus moellendorffi (Culion Tree Squirrel) E Palawan FR
Sundasciurus philippinensis (Philippine Tree Squirrel) E Mindanao FR
Sundasciurus rabori (Palawan Montane Tree Squirrel) E Palawan Isl.
Sundasciurus steeri (Southern Palawan Tree Squirrel) E Palawan FR
Muridae (Mice and Rats)
Abditomys latidens
Anonymomys mindorensis
Apomys abrae
Apomys datae
Apomys gracilirostris
Apomys hylocetes
Apomys insignis
Apomys littoralis
Apomys microdon
Apomys musculus
Apomys sacobianus
Apomys sp. A
Apomys sp. B
Apomys sp. C
Apomys sp. D
Apomys sp. E
Archboldomys luzonensis
Archboldomys sp. A (Archboldomys musseri)
Batomys dentatus
Batomys granti
Batomys salomonseni
Batomys sp. A (Batomys russatus)
Bullimus bagobus
Bullimus luzonicus
Bullimus sp. A
Carpomys melanurus
Carpomys phaeurus
Celaenomys silaceus
Chiropodomys calamianensis
Chrotomys gonzalesi
Chrotomys mindorensis
Chrotomys whiteheadi
Chrotomys sp. A
Crateromys australis
Crateromys heaneyi
Crateromys paulus
Crateromys schadenbergi
Crunomys fallax
Crunomys melanius
Crunomys sp. A (Crunomys suncoides)
Haeromys sp. A
Limnomys sibuanus
Limnomys sp. A
Maxomys panglima
Mus musculus
Palawanomys furvus
Phloeomys cumingi
Phloeomys pallidus
Rattus argentiventer
Rattus everetti
Rattus exulans
Rattus mindorensis
Rattus nitidus
Rattus norvegicus
Rattus tanezumi
Rattus tawitawiensis
Rattus tiomanicus
Rattus sp. A
Rhynchomys isarogensis
Rhynchomys soricoides
Sundamys muelleri
Tarsomys apoensis
Tarsomys echinatus
Tarsomys sp. A
Tarsomys sp. B
Tryphomys adustus
Hystricidae (Porcupines)
Hystrix pumila (Palawan Porcupine) E Palawan FR


Felidae (Cats)
Prionailurus bengalensis (Leopard Cat) Negros Isl., Palawan Isl.
Mustelidae (Weasels, Otters and Badgers)
Amblonyx cinereus (Oriental Small-clawed Otter) Palawan Isl.
Mydaus marchei (Palawan Stink Badger) E Palawan FR
Herpestidae (Mongooses)
Herpestes brachyurus (Short-tailed Mongoose) Palawan FR
Viverridae (Civets)
Arctictis binturong (Binturong) Palawan Isl.
Paradoxurus hermaphroditus (Common Palm Civet)
Viverra tangalunga (Malay Civet)


Suidae (Pigs)
Sus barbatus (Bearded Pig) Palawan FR
Sus cebifrons (Visayan Wart Pig) E Negros-Panay FR
Sus philippensis (Philippine Warty Pig) E
Tragulidae (Mouse-deer)
Tragulus napu (Greater Mouse-deer) Balabac Isl.
Cervidae (Deer)
Axis calamianensis (Calamian Hog-deer) E Palawan FR
Cervus alfredi (Visayan Spotted Deer) E
Cervus mariannus (Philippine Brown Deer) E
Bovidae (Cattle)
Bubalus mindorensis (Mindoro Dwarf Buffalo) E Mindoro FR


Balaenopteridae (Rorquals)
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Mink Whale)
Balaenoptera edeni (Bryd'e Whale)
Megaptera novaeangliae (Humpback Whale)
Delphinidae (Ocean Dolphins)
Feresa attenuata (Pygmy Killer Whale)
Globicephala macrorhynchus (Short-finned Pilot Whale)
Grampus griseus (Risso's Dolphin)
Lagenodelphis hosei (Fraser's Dolphin)
Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)
Peponocephala electra (Melon-headed Whale)
Pseudorca crassidens (False Killer Whale)
Stenella attenuata (Pantropical Spotted Dolphin)
Stenella coeruleoalba (Striped Dolphin)
Stenella longirostris (Spinner Dolphin)
Steno bredanensis (Rough-toothed Dolphin)
Tursiops truncatus (Bottlenose Dolphin)
Kogiidae (Dwarf and Pygmy Sperm Whales)
Kogia breviceps (Pygmy Sperm Whale)
Kogia simus (Dwarf Sperm Whale)
Physeteridae (Sperm Whales)
Physeter catodon (Sperm Whale)
Ziphiidae (Beaked Whales)
Mesoplodon densirostris (Blainville's Beaked Whale)
Ziphius cavirostris (Cuvier's Beaked Whale)
Phocoenidae (Porposes)
Neophocaena phocaenoides (Finless Porpoise)


Dugongidae (Dugongs and Sea Cows)
Dugong dugon (Dugong) Palawan FR


Compilated by Erling Jirle, 11 Feb 2006 from the Fieldmuseum web site, Chicago, IL, USA.